1936 Bugatti Type 57G Tank
Chassis Number : 57G 01 Horsepower : 200 Displacement : 8-cylinder, 3.25 L Wheelbase : 117.3"
In June 1936 the Automobile Club of France Grand Prix allowed the participation of “Grand Touring Cars.” This category included their definition of a sports cars. A few months before that Bugatti designed a special racing type 57S engine with a lighter crankshaft. It was called the 57G. A car with an unusual streamlined all enveloping body and this 57G engine was tested on June 7, 1936 at Montlhéry. It was sometimes referred to as the, “aerodynamic mule” which became the prototype of the three 57G Tanks.
Our library has the handwritten Bugatti factory dyno and modification test book for the sports and racing cars of that era. Lap records were set during this testing and the two other Tanks were assembled days before the Grand Prix of the Automobile Club of France for sports cars to be held at Montlhery. The race was easily won by our car, going at an average of 125.228 km/h for just under 8 hours, and record setting times were also made that day.
One week later, on July 7, at the Grand Prix de la Marne held at Rheims, Wimille again won in our 57G at an average of 140.245 km/h. In June 1937 with Benoist, he won the 24 hours of Le Mans, the first time a Bugatti had ever prevailed in a major sports car race. Because of certain external features it is clear to automotive historians, including Pierre-Yves Laughier who is able to deduce that all these victories were with the same car, the so-called aerodynamic mule. Laughier in his book, Bugatti 57 Sport outlines the details by which he comes to this conclusion.
He quotes an interesting excerpt from Roger Labric about the day the international records were established with the 57G in 1936. The plan was to attack the international Class C (3000-5000 cc.). Records were set for 100 kilometers, 100 miles, 200 kilometers and 1 hour at the record average speed of 217.941 km/h. The team then set out on a long distance run, sharing the driving between Benoist and Veyron. They covered 500 miles in 3 hours and 56 minutes, averaging 204.390 km/h. Labric wrote, “All the existing records had been broken and all the times cited above have never been exceeded in this class of international records.” Apparently several of these records held until April 23, 1965 when they were broken by the Shelby Cobra Daytona Coupe in our collection!
These records, set on October 10, 1936, coincided with the annual Paris Automobile Show where our car was exhibited on the stand along with its prizes for the two previous victories. Laugier writes “that car was, in fact, the prototype “aerodynamic mule” which participated in the Montlhéry trials. There’s no trace of the other two 57G Tanks at those trials in June. This might explain why the mule was better prepared for a longer period of time than the two others and why it won all of the races in which it participated.
This winning car is identifiable by certain details in the body which were different from the others. It survived because following this race because Mr. Bugatti kept it in his small museum at Molsheim. He also notes that the second car was lost sometime around the end of 1936, and the third car, which had to drop out of Le Mans in 1937, was seen again at a race in Mancelle, then it disappeared. Our car was cloistered in Bordeaux.
A factory document dated February 18, 1941 describes the Bordeaux storage along with the Atlantic Coupe chassis 57454. At that time it would appear that the Tank was fitted with a different engine because a supercharger is described in the document.
When she first appeared the following excerpt from the December 1936 issue of Actualite Automobile is most evocative,
Bugatti wins the 24 hours international record and six other international records. Wimille, Williams and Veyron accomplished the feat with a 3-liter 57S (57G) Tank. For the first time on the Montlhery race track, an average speed of 200 km/h was reached for over a 24 hour period. It doesn’t surprise us that Bugatti was the one to have achieved this accomplishment.
The performance was all the more remarkable because it was accomplished with a car from the 57S series without a compressor, like those cars which have been honored during the sporting season at the Grand Prix of the ACF, at the Marne and at Commings. The axle ratio was specially set up. The fuel was the same as what was used for the ACF Grand Prix. Bugatti won these records at such a high average speed that they will not soon be broken: nearly 200 km/h average in 24 hours. To understand the merit of this feat, one would have to see the car speeding through the night at more than 200 km/h on a track lit only by hurricane lamps.
More than once a few spectators shuddered when, at the speed, a fifth of a second could have been fatal. If the car driving on the black line that marked the tracks limits moved one meter beyond it, the car would crash. And driving at an average of 200 km/h for an hour at Montlhery is already an extraordinary feat. To realize the same average for 24 hours is beyond all superfluous commentary. The three drivers responsible for this success, Wimille, Williams and Veyron, the latter having had a long experience with the tracks, especially at night when the temperatures can get down to 3 degrees C. We wanted to point out that the record for 48 hours wasn’t attempted, as Bugatti announced because the refueling and the tire changes were not assured. This admirable performance honored the French motor industry in general and Bugatti in particular.
This car is the “aerodynamic mule,” the sole surviving 57G Tank. Apparently because of concerns that it might be confiscated as the Germans marched through France, in 1940 it was removed from the Molsheim Museum and hidden in Bordeaux. The car overturned on the way and suffered some damage to the hood. Back at the factory after the repatriation it was restored in house and a workman proudly painted, “Benoist” and “Wimille” on the fender.
Information obtained from our Bart Loyens and Gene Cesari’s files indicates that pioneering European car dealer Jean DeDobeleer was somehow able to extract car from the Bugatti factory. Although Loyens file reveals that this was against factory policy, De Dobeleer refused to return it. This fractious relationship likely ended the factory’s cooperation with DeDobeleer whose contact in the United States was Gene Cesari, the importer of many wonderful cars in the 1960s and 1970s. Cesari’s files have proved priceless in elucidating the subsequent history of this Tank. He brought it to the States in 1961 and stored in pioneer collector Jerry Sherman’s barn for some time. Cesari had difficulty selling the car but a deal was finally made with Stephen Pitcairn but later Cesari got it back.
After some negotiations, he sold it to Colonel Eri Richardson in 1968. To be domiciled with Richardson was the best thing that could have happened to the car at that time. This is particularly true since Fritz Schlumpf desperately wanted her but his meager offers were not accepted by Cesari. For several years thereafter Richardson devoted extensive efforts to bringing it to original condition. As far as I can tell from the correspondence, there were three trips to the remains of the Bugatti factory, which was still in existence, for Richardson to bring back valuable goodies. He retrieved the original tachometer, the special Bugatti carburetor, (of which only a few very were made), the unique head with three drives coming out of the rear (two tachometers and one for the center magneto drive), the oil cooler, and a variety of other bits and pieces which could have only belonged to this car, since by then the two other Tanks were long gone.
Convinced that he now had all of the original car, except for the block which came from a passenger car, Richardson set about a meticulous and sympathetic restoration with an uncompromising commitment to originality. Colonel Richardson, not a wealthy man, devoted extensive amount of time and a great percentage of his resources to the historical appreciation and refurbishment of his prize. Years later succumbing to a big offer he sold the car to Bugatiste extraordinaire Uwe Hocke and it finally ended up with Nicholas Seydoux.
This was a car that I always lusted for. The only existing Bugatti sports car to ever win a major race, notably Le Mans. In 1939 a different one-off Tank also won at Le Mans but this car was destroyed in a tragic accident which took Jean Bugatti’s life. I had read about the car in contemporary French magazines, but never dreamed it would become available. In the meantime I had a non-racing Ferrari 212 Touring Barchetta on a long chassis. The Barchetta is one of the most beautiful designs ever and the archetype of the 1950s sports racer. The car was ordered by Henry Ford Jr. and allegedly formed the dimensional model for the 1955 Thunderbird. It languished at Ford styling for some time, then purchased by Dick Merritt when he worked there, and later ended up with me with less than 9000 miles on the clock. French collector, Henry Chambon took a liking to this car and, shepherded by dear friend Lukas Huni expressed his interest. I knew of the Tank’s existence and I knew that Seydoux may be selling, so we effected a three-way swap in which Chambon bought the Tank and I in turn traded the Ferrari to him.
I have never been happier with a car. It runs smoothly, has great pickup, its style is radical but significant, and its history his unblemished. We’ve had it up the hill at the Goodwood Festival of Speed, it was on the lawn at the Pebble Beach where it won the Pebble Beach Trophy. It has appeared at many shows, always attracting a great deal of attention wearing a presentable 1960’s restoration.