1924 Lancia Lambda Third Series Tourer
Chassis Number : 12052 Horsepower : 69 Displacement : 4-cylinder, 2.57 L Wheelbase : 134.6"
The Lancia Lambda is included in the collection as a sports car, more for its outstanding technical innovations than its performance, although it did participate credibly in the first Mille Miglia race in 1927 where Lancias took the first three places in Class D (3,000 cc).
The following year, a factory entered car almost finished second place to a supercharged Alfa Romeo, victim of a dropped valve near the end of the grueling race. Subsequently, the Lambda was later superseded by the more formal Dilambda and no longer competed seriously in sports car racing for several years.
Why was this car so important technologically? First of all, it was the first car to feature a load bearing monocoque body which, ultimately, became the standard of auto manufacturing a decade later. It is said that designer Vincenzo Lanca divined the idea when he contemplated the design of ships in which the hull is incorporated as part of the aggregate strength. With body sections stamped along with a chassis, the car was remarkably stable, easy to manufacture, but, of course, limited in terms of the ability to add different carrozzerie. The design was actually abandoned by Lancia in the early ‘30s when the desire for different bodies in the now more luxurious idiom demanded a different platform.
By the mid 1930’s this unibody technique became universal. The driveshaft tunnel was the backbone of the car and the passengers could be seated beside, rather than above the tunnel there by lowering the overall profile. An equally dramatic innovation was the independent sliding pillar front suspension which consisted of an oil-filled tube with springs, adjustable through a opening on the front fender by which each wheel could move vertically through a significant radius, an important first.
The engine itself was different. A V4 in construction the angle of which was only 14 degrees with an overhead valve drive train. Finally, the external design was dramatic and, to many, very attractive. Because of the low set frame, a lithe profile was effected. Sweeping flared fenders graced the simple body which tapered nicely in the rear. Although not the very first to do so, four wheel brakes were standard on all of these cars since 1923. With this significant change many consider Lancia the first mass produced cars whose stopping power equaled their acceleration. Lambdas were made right up through 1931 when the Dilambda supervened. There was a progressive increase in displacement and horsepower and the car in our collection has been converted in period to the most powerful engine, the eighth series, as described in the specification.
This car has little, if any, significant restoration. The body is in the standard early Lancia, painted black, although the wire wheels may have been sprayed years ago. The most significant update, however, is that it has been re-engined in period to a more powerful version, while retaining the graceful features of the earlier cars. Most Lambda historians favor the very early cars of the first few series over the later models, which had a longer wheel base, a chunkier body design, wider doors, and less of the flair. There are a lot of assumptions that your author can make about this car and one of them is that the body design was preferred, yet the modern performance features were added, from a donor car many years ago.
The car was purchased at auction from Christie’s, who knew the family of the owners. They reported that the car was in the possession of the previous owner, now deceased, since at least the 1940’s. The car came with registration certificates dating back to 1951, indicating that it had always lived on Formosa Avenue in Hollywood,and spent the last five decades in a garage. Since the donor car was probably available some time in the 1930s (the eighth series cars stopped in 1931), it is likely that this car has been in America all of its life. This would be commensurate with the presence of the front bumpers, as well as the remaining history.
The Failed Fantasy
There was a photo with the car. It’s a picture of Greta Gustfansen driving a third series Lancia Lambda, identical in every way to ours, including the American accessory front bumpers. It would seem, therefore, that this could possibly be the same as ours, particularly if a Hollywood connection from the ‘30s could be made. It is known that Greta was a great car fan. After she came to America, she had, among other things, a custom made Duesenberg and a special Rolls Royce. By the way, when she came to America, she changed her last name to Garbo. Later we researched the photograph and her car pre-dates ours. A transient fantasy denied.